Wine-making in the region goes make to Roman times (details from the site of the Chambre d’Agriculture of the Auvergne) with vines grown up to 1000 metres until the 11th century. However, the climate cooling between the 12th and 16th century meant that vines could no longer be cultivated successfully at this height. The wines used to be transported on barges down the Allier and then by canal to Paris.
Boudes: old abandoned vineyards on opposite hillside
Now there are only a 1000 hectares of vines in Le Puy de Dôme department with just 460 cultivated professionally – 410 ha VDQS Côtes d’Auvergne and 50 ha Vin de Pays du Puy-de-Dôme.
Since 1977 five communes have been allowed to add their names to Côtes d’Auvergne: Madargue (12 ha); Châteaugay (64 ha); Chanturgue (6 ha); Corent (32 ha) and Boudes (45 ha).
All around Boudes there are vestiges on the steep south –south-west facing hillsides where the vineyards used to be. The pretty village of Chalus a little to the east of Boudes is part of Côtes d'Auvergne-Boudes. The vines here tend to face more south-east and south.
Wine village of Chalus (above and below)
2009: ripening Gamay@Chalus
* 30.8.2009: 'In 1895 the Puy-de-Dôme was France’s third department viticole with 44,000 hectares of vines planted.' Although this claim appears on the website of the Chambre d’Agriculture of the Auvergne. I'm not sure that it is correct having looked at the tables of production and area under vine in Marcel Lachiver's seminal work: Vins, vignes et vignerons (Fayard 1988). Given the semi-mountainous topography of Le Puy-de-Dôme, it would be surprising even in 1895, unless it was an anomaly due to phylloxera, that there were more vines here than in places like the Midi and Bordeaux. Please see posting on 30th August 2009.
Report on visit to Annie Sauvat and Michel Blot finished. Click here.